Xenon

Xenon gas (pronounced /ze-non) is a colorless, heavy, odorless noble/rare gas that occurs in the Earth's atmosphere in trace amounts and has been found in gases emitted from some mineral springs. The chemical element Xenon has the symbol Xe and apears on the period table of elements with the atomic number 54. Xenon is obtained commercially as a byproduct of the separation of air into oxygen and nitrogen, followed by distillation.

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XENON, COMPRESSED – Xe – UN2036

SYMBOL Xe
MOLECULAR WEIGHT 131.30
SPECIFIC VOLUME 2.90 ft3 / lb
PURITY Contact Customer Service
CGA VALVE 580

SHIPPING INFORMATION

DOT PROPER SHIPPING NAME Xenon, compressed
IATA PROPER SHIPPING NAME  
HAZARD CLASS 2.2
ID NUMBER UN2036
LABELS * N
CAS NUMBER 7440-63-3
SCHEDULE B NUMBER 2804.29.0000
ZONE N/A
* N = Non-Flammable Gas
* F = Flammable Gas
* P = Poison-Inhalation Hazard
* O = Oxidizer
* C = Corrosive
 
This information is intended for reference purposes only.

View the Material Safety Data Sheet by clicking the MSDS PDF icon at the top right of the page.

XENON, COMPRESSED - Xe - UN2036

Xenon gas is used in high intensity lights due to its natural "daylight" color temperature, high-efficiency incandescent bulb, plasma display panels, operating room and examination lighting and in ultraviolet lasers. Xenon gas is in the family or Rare Gases (also called Noble or Inert Gases) which includes Neon gas, Krypton gas, Argon gas and Helium gas and is present in the air in low concentrations.

Xenon (Xe) has been a known element since being discovered on the heals of Neon and Krypton in England in 1868. Since then, Xenon gas has been used in strobe light photography, flash lamps, arc lamps, lasers, as a general anesthetic and as a ion thruster propellant in NASA and European spacecraft.

Xenon gas and the other noble/rare gases were considered to be completely chemically inert and not able to form compounds. However, the gas platinum hexafluoride (PtF6), a powerful oxidizing agent was first shown to oxidize Xenon to form the compound Xenon hexafluoroplatinate. Xenon gas is generally unreactive but can undergo a few synthesized chemical reactions such as the formation of Xenon hexafluoroplatinate, a noble/rare gas compound.

A list of some synthesized Xenon Compounds & Gases
  • Xenon Hexafluoroplatinate
  • Xenon Difluoride
  • Xenon Tetrafluoride
  • Xenon Hexafluoride
  • Xenon Tetroxide
  • Sodium Perxenate
  • Xenon Trioxide